U.S. President donald trump keeps up his aggressive trade policy even after last-minute agreement with mexico.
On monday, he again threatened the mexicans with punitive tariffs if the neighboring country's parliament did not give the necessary approval for parts of the agreed-upon negotiating package. He even set an ultimatum for china's president xi jinping: if the chinese leader did not agree to meet at the g20 summit in osaka, japan, on 28. And 29. July, the u.S. Was set to impose tariffs on an additional $300 billion worth of chinese imports.
Trump is also facing considerable criticism in the USA because of his deal with mexico. "Threats and temper tantrums are no way to negotiate auben policy," house of representatives leader nancy pelosi announced. "President trump has undermined america's preeminent leadership role in the world by recklessly threatening to impose tariffs on our friend and neighbor to the south."
In a telephone interview with CNBC on monday, trump launched a heavy barrage against china. "The best deal we can get is 25 percent (tariff) on 600 billion."By this trump meant that he could impose tariffs on imports from china amounting to another 300 billion dollars. This meant that all china imports were then subject to special duties. This is a threat that trump has been using for a long time to accompany the talk with peking. China is under pressure and already has to devalue its currency to keep its economy in balance, the U.S. President stresses.
The "new york times" reported that rough parts of the deal with mexico, which trump sold as a rough negotiation, had already been in place for months. As early as march, there had been non-public talks with the then minister of homeland security, kirstjen nielsen, which included the deployment of the national guard in mexico, which has now also been agreed in writing.
After days of negotiations between mexico and the U.S., trump on friday evening indefinitely suspended the punitive tariffs he had threatened on all imports from the neighboring country – they would otherwise have gone into effect on monday. In return, mexico pledged to take measures against illegal migration. Recently, the number of migrants from central american countries such as honduras, guatemala and el salvador coming to the united states through mexico has increased dramatically.
To prevent the punitive toll, mexico agreed to a "significant" tightening of border controls. Starting monday, the national guard was to be deployed to the border with guatemala to stop the illegal migration of central americans to the u.S., said mexican eubenminister marcelo ebrard. 6,000 soldiers were dispatched to the border. Mexico will also take tougher action against traffickers.
In 45 days, both countries will review whether illegal migration has been curbed by the new detentions, ebrard announced on monday. If the result was not satisfactory, the border controls could be tightened in the following 90 days.
If the number of illegal migrants in the u.S. Still cannot be significantly reduced, washington could again push to declare mexico a safe third country, according to the mexican government. Then all migrants from central america who want to enter the u.S. Through mexico had to first apply for asylum in mexico.
"We are confident that the measures we are proposing will be successful. But if that is not the case, we have to face this discussion," ebrard said.
Under the current agreement, the U.S. Can also immediately send central americans the entire length of the border back to mexico, where they must await a decision in their asylum case in the U.S. Until now, the mexicans had only allowed this as an exception and in some cities. The U.S. Government wants the rule to prevent asylum seekers from absconding during their U.S. Proceedings.
On saturday, mexico's president andres manuel lopez obrador turned an event originally planned as a protest against the punitive tariffs into a celebration of joy. "We gather in tijuana to celebrate," he wrote on twitter.
Without the agreement, tariffs on all mexican merchandise imports to the U.S. Went into effect on monday. Trump had threatened to gradually increase the compulsory levies to as much as 25 percent. Critics warned of price increases in the u.S. And serious economic repercussions in the two neighboring countries. German carmakers VW and BMW were also affected, as they manufacture cars in mexico for the US market.
Mexico, along with china and canada, is one of the united states' largest trading partners. In the first four months of the year, the volume of trade between the two neighbors was more than $203 billion.
According to official figures, 144.000 people detained – three times as many as a year earlier. Many of the migrants were children traveling without their parents. Hundreds of thousands of people flee poverty and violence in central america each year and make their way through mexico to the U.S.